Five Forgotten Bits of Presidential History in Chicago

I came up with a list of five forgotten historical facts relating to presidential history in Chicago in honor of Presidents’ Day. Our city’s size and importance means we have a surprisingly robust history of Presidential activity. Of course, everyone know about the 1968 Democratic National Convention riots and President Obama’s victory speech in Grant Park. Instead of rehashing those, we’ll focus on the forgotten or hidden aspects of the topic, rather than the obvious ones.

1860 Republican convention wigwam Abraham Lincoln presidential history in Chicago

Presidential History in Chicago #1. Dozens of National Conventions

The history of US Presidents in Chicago goes back to 1860, when the Republican National Convention convened here and nominated Abraham Lincoln to be President. Since then, Chicago has hosted more Presidential nominating conventions than any other city. Fourteen Republican National Conventions and eleven Democratic National Conventions have been held in the city. There were also two more for Teddy Roosevelt’s brief “Bull Moose” Progressive Party.

I found it incredible that the Democrats and Republicans sometimes held their conventions in Chicago in the same year. A few times, they even wound up using the same building a few weeks apart. Despite all those conventions, only two of the structures that held them are still standing. I’ll talk more about those survivors in a bit. The list below shows the lost structures that held national conventions, the party and year of those conventions, and the year the building was demolished.

  • The Wigwam – Hosted 1860 RNC; Razed between 1867-71
  • The Amphitheater – Hosted 1864 DNC; Temporary structure
  • Crosby’s Opera House – Hosted 1868 RNC; Destroyed in 1871 Great Chicago Fire
  • Interstate Exposition Building – Hosted RNC in 1880 and both in 1884; Razed in 1892
  • The Wigwam – Hosted 1892 DNC; Temporary structure, not the building from 1860
  • Chicago Coliseum – RNC from 1904-20. DNC in 1896; Bull Moose in 1912; Razed in 1982
  • Chicago Stadium – Hosted both in 1932 & ’44, DNC again in ’40; Razed in 1994
  • International Amphitheater – Hosted RNC in 1952 & ’60; DNC in ’52, ’56, and ’68; Razed in 1999

President Theodore Roosevelt Chicago speech presidential history in Chicago

Presidential History in Chicago #2. Auditorium Building

The incredible history and architectural detail in the Auditorium Building could fill up an entire blog post. Designed by famed architects Adler and Sullivan, the Auditorium Building is a stop on our new 1893 World’s Fair Tour. It was the largest theater when built, making it a great location for super-large events.

In its first few decades, the Auditorium Building seems to have been catnip for US Presidents in Chicago. Grover Cleveland laid its cornerstone in 1887. The next year, the Republican National Convention met in its unfinished concert hall and nominated Benjamin Harrison for the Presidency. A year later, Harrison had won the Presidency and returned to dedicate the finished building. In 1912, President Theodore Roosevelt gave his famous “Armageddon” speech while accepting the nomination of the nascent “Bull Moose” Progressive Party on the Auditorium’s stage.

John Kennedy Richard Nixon CBS Chicago First Presidential Debate 1960 presidential history in Chicago

Presidential History in Chicago #3. CBS Chicago Hosts the First Presidential Debate

The next major moment for the presidential history in Chicago was when the city hosted the first ever debate between major Presidential candidates. It was held at the old CBS studio in Streeterville. The debate itself is the stuff of American political legend. Radio listeners thought Vice-President Richard Nixon won by a wide margin. TV viewers said that Senator John F, Kennedy had won. On TV,  Kennedy looked tan and handsome next to a sick and sallow Nixon. The divide in perception helped cement the enduring appeal and popularity of TV.

presidential history in chicago madison street bridge starsPresidential History in Chicago #4. Guardrails and Bridges

Chicago hosted the 1996 Democratic National Convention at the United Center. Many of the delegates, visitors and journalists stayed in the Loop and commuted to the convention. The City decided that they needed to make the route from the Loop to the Near West Side look nicer. New candy-apple red guardrails were installed on a bunch of the bridges and ramps around I-90.

I’ve often seen those red rails while driving and I often point them out on the Factories to Calories Fulton Market Food Tour. A closer inspection revealed that the rails incorporate the star insignia from the Chicago flag. You’ll see these decorated guard rails from the I-290 interchange to the Lake Street bridge. The stars also appear in the concrete of bridges.

Presidential History in Chicago #5. Obama Campaign Offices

President Barack Obama is the only Chicagoan to be elected to the White House. We know of course of his victory speech on Election Night in 2008 in Grant Park. We know of his house in Kenwood/Hyde Park. So where were his campaign offices? The 2008 offices were on the 11th floor of Two Illinois Center and the 2012 campaign was took up an entire floor inside One Prudential Plaza. We skirt right past both on the Architecture Walking Tour for Design Lovers.

In fact, the 2012 campaign was the only time that a President’s re-election campaign had its main office outside of Washington. Both locations are just rentable office spaces. So there’s no visible reminder of the work that went on there. Despite that limited visibility, these offices drove Obama’s electoral successes.

President Barack Obama Jim Messina 2012 reelection campaign office Chicago presidential history in Chicago

These five facts about the US Presidents in Chicago underline the importance of our city. Chicago has been a political powerhouse from our boomtown years in the 1800’s to the modern day. The legacy of political power dots our landscape.

– Alex Bean, Chicago Detours Office Manager and Tour Guide

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Ellen

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There is no shortage of things to discover in Chicago—I love being an urban explorer and uncovering its hidden places. I have an MA in Public History from Loyola University Chicago, and I have worked as a museum educator and kindergarten teacher. My desire to learn new things fuels my passion for educating others, which I get to experience every day as a Chicago tour guide. I live in the northern neighborhood of Rogers Park.

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Whether you are a first-time visitor or a lifelong resident, the vibrant history and modern majesty of Chicago never ceases to amaze. I’m a graduate of Columbia College with an M.A. in Interdisciplinary Art. I’ve worked for many years as an educator at City Colleges of Chicago. As tour guide at Chicago Detours, I integrate my enthusiasm for culture and architecture with my passion as an educator. West Town/Noble Square area is home for me.

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With our Chicago neighborhoods, vibrant cultural institutions and nearly two centuries of larger-than-life stories, there’s never a dull moment here! I’m a fifth generation Chicagoan and a graduate of Washington University in St. Louis. In addition to guiding tours, I’m a creative writer and amateur genealogist. I also enjoy the city’s dynamic theater scene. You can also read overlooked stories from 19th-century newspapers on my “Second Glance History” blog. I live in River North.

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Chicago is unique as it always evolves into the future while holding on to the past. I’m fascinated by how people latch on to old architecture but happily pave over others. My background is in theater and performance and I’ve been a tour guide here for more than 10 years. Currently I’m finishing my Master’s in Public History at Loyola University because I love to teach the history of this scrappy city. I’m in the Edgewater neighborhood.

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Chicago’s history is so fascinating, you could spend a lifetime uncovering its secrets…I’m willing to give it a try! I have an M.A. in US History from the University of Nevada-Las Vegas and then pursued doctoral studies in Urban History at the University of Illinois at Chicago. I love to learn new aspects of Chicago’s rich history and then share my knowledge as a tour guide with Chicago Detours. I live in Ravenswood.

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As a fourth generation Chicagoan, I have been living and loving Chicago by bike, on foot, public transit or automobile. I am a graduate of UIC where through the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, began my eagerness to understand the nature, history and impacts of urban planning and development. It is incredibly rewarding to give back to this wonderful city by helping out in the office of Chicago Detours. I live in the incredibly diverse neighborhood of Albany Park.
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Content Manager and Tour Guide

Chicago has so many neighborhoods, buildings, and by-ways that it’s hard to go long without seeing something new, or something familiar from a new angle. I studied Cinema History for my M.A. from the University of Chicago. I’ve worked as a culture writer for various publications and as an educator of the humanities at the City Colleges of Chicago. I’m thrilled to share my love of this city’s busy past and unique architectural spaces with Chicago Detours. I live in the Chicago neighborhood of Lincoln Park.

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I’m an interpreter of personal stories from the past and the city’s landscape. I love to imagine what originally happened inside old unmarked buildings, and what forces have shaped their design. I studied Chicago history, architectural history, and anything Chicago-related through my M.A. in the Humanities at the University of Chicago. My love for stories was enriched by my B.A. in Literature from the University of Michigan. I’ve written travel articles for publications like Rick Steves’ Italy best-selling travel guides, the San Francisco Bay Guardian, and The Chicago Food Encyclopedia. I live in the Chicago neighborhood of West Avondale.
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