The Story Behind the Chicago-Style Hot Dog

The Chicago-style hot dog…there are plenty of places in Chicago to grab one, and we each have our favorite. Before I share a little tour of our Chicago dog options, let’s dig into some history of Chicago’s special spot in the world of encased meats.

Chicago-style hot dog union stockyards

Chicago’s Meaty History

It has a lot to do with big names in Chicago history and the meat biz. Hot dog processing was revolutionized by major plants under Gustavus Franklin Swift and Philip Armour in the mid-19th century. These dis-assembly lines were perfected in Chicago, where they claimed to find a use for “everything but the squeal” of each pig slaughtered. Some of the first food sanitation laws come from Chicago as a result. We delve into some of this rather gross history on our Big Shoulders Historic Bar Tour in Bridgeport.

Hot dog culture also has a lot to do with the little man, too. Its success rose from the popular demand for cheap meat products. Because of that, I have a hard time accepting the gourmet approach. Historically, the working class meant the immigrant class. So we see quite a few ethnic influences on the hot dog in Chicago alone. Though ancient in origin, the idea of the sausage link is associated with Germans. They were, not coincidentally, some of Chicago’s first immigrants. They and their Austrian neighbors give us the term “weiner” which is short for “weinerwurst,” which means “sausage from Vienna.” (This will hit home even harder in a moment when I tell you of my favorite dog.) We also have them to thank for our mustard and dill pickle.

Then the Jewish population affects our desire for all-beef dogs–no mixing of the “who-knows-what” that so many fear is intrinsic to the hot dog. Buns are an American approach, but Jewish bakers give the poppy seed bun specific to the Chicago Style.

Some say the Italians influence lead to the tomato slice, the onions, peppers, and relish. That may be a little bit of a stretch, though. We could also attribute some of these toppings to the Greeks. And the celery salt? At one time, Chicago was the nation’s celery capital; most early immigrants worked their own celery farms. These toppings add up to the fact that the Chicago-style hot dog is a working class, immigrant food despite its bigger, commercial industry.

Where to Eat a Chicago-style Hot Dog

Now for the eateries. Being a Logan Squarist, I dabble in the world of the gourmet, especially since Hot Doug’s Sausage Superstore is so close and offers the Chicago Style Dog, priced at only $2 despite Hot Doug’s swanky renown for more eccentric game. And a francophile like myself simply can’t say no to anything with duck fat, like their special fries only offered on the weekend.

Chicago-style hot dog menuAnother common favorite is Superdawg drive-in, which is delicious as well as adorable with its little box and its big mascots, yet practically inaccessible for those of us on public transportation.

I prefer simply to follow the Vienna Beef signs. The story of Vienna Beef, like so many Chicago staples, begins with the World Columbian Exposition of 1893. Nowadays, those blue and yellow signs are as common as Walgreen’s–even nationwide–and they stand for pure beef excellence. My favorite spot to grab one is George’s Hot Dogs in Bucktown. For a mere $3.50, you can score a true Chicago-style hot dog and fries. Just to clarify, that means a steamed, pure-beef dog in a poppy seed bun topped with yellow mustard, bright green sweet pickle relish, a dill pickle spear, chopped white onion, a tomato slice, pickled sport peppers (the only optional item) and a dash of celery salt. Chicago-style hot dog

And then for quality and convenience, we at Chicago Detours love Max’s Take Out, located right next to our office on Adams Street downtown. Guests on our Loop Interior Architecture Walking Tour get a coupon for Max’s! Whatever your preference, I won’t even judge you if I hear the dreaded k-word in your order. Simply enjoy!

– Elizabeth Tieri, Tour Guide


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Private Tour Coordinator and Tour Guide

There is no shortage of things to discover in Chicago—I love being an urban explorer and uncovering its hidden places. I have an MA in Public History from Loyola University Chicago, and I have worked as a museum educator and kindergarten teacher. My desire to learn new things fuels my passion for educating others, which I get to experience every day as a Chicago tour guide. I live in the northern neighborhood of Rogers Park.

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Whether you are a first-time visitor or a lifelong resident, the vibrant history and modern majesty of Chicago never ceases to amaze. I’m a graduate of Columbia College with an M.A. in Interdisciplinary Art. I’ve worked for many years as an educator at City Colleges of Chicago. As tour guide at Chicago Detours, I integrate my enthusiasm for culture and architecture with my passion as an educator. West Town/Noble Square area is home for me.

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Tour Guide

With our Chicago neighborhoods, vibrant cultural institutions and nearly two centuries of larger-than-life stories, there’s never a dull moment here! I’m a fifth generation Chicagoan and a graduate of Washington University in St. Louis. In addition to guiding tours, I’m a creative writer and amateur genealogist. I also enjoy the city’s dynamic theater scene. You can also read overlooked stories from 19th-century newspapers on my “Second Glance History” blog. I live in River North.


Tour Guide

Chicago is unique as it always evolves into the future while holding on to the past. I’m fascinated by how people latch on to old architecture but happily pave over others. My background is in theater and performance and I’ve been a tour guide here for more than 10 years. Currently I’m finishing my Master’s in Public History at Loyola University because I love to teach the history of this scrappy city. I’m in the Edgewater neighborhood.


Operations Coordinator and Tour Guide

Chicago’s history is so fascinating, you could spend a lifetime uncovering its secrets…I’m willing to give it a try! I have an M.A. in US History from the University of Nevada-Las Vegas and then pursued doctoral studies in Urban History at the University of Illinois at Chicago. I love to learn new aspects of Chicago’s rich history and then share my knowledge as a tour guide with Chicago Detours. I live in Ravenswood.

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Operations Coordinator and Tour Guide

As a fourth generation Chicagoan, I have been living and loving Chicago by bike, on foot, public transit or automobile. I am a graduate of UIC where through the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, began my eagerness to understand the nature, history and impacts of urban planning and development. It is incredibly rewarding to give back to this wonderful city by helping out in the office of Chicago Detours. I live in the incredibly diverse neighborhood of Albany Park.
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Content Manager and Tour Guide

Chicago has so many neighborhoods, buildings, and by-ways that it’s hard to go long without seeing something new, or something familiar from a new angle. I studied Cinema History for my M.A. from the University of Chicago. I’ve worked as a culture writer for various publications and as an educator of the humanities at the City Colleges of Chicago. I’m thrilled to share my love of this city’s busy past and unique architectural spaces with Chicago Detours. I live in the Chicago neighborhood of Lincoln Park.

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Amanda Scotese

Executive Director and Tour Guide

I’m an interpreter of personal stories from the past and the city’s landscape. I love to imagine what originally happened inside old unmarked buildings, and what forces have shaped their design. I studied Chicago history, architectural history, and anything Chicago-related through my M.A. in the Humanities at the University of Chicago. My love for stories was enriched by my B.A. in Literature from the University of Michigan. I’ve written travel articles for publications like Rick Steves’ Italy best-selling travel guides, the San Francisco Bay Guardian, and The Chicago Food Encyclopedia. I live in the Chicago neighborhood of West Avondale.
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